What is GMP?
Good Manufacturing Practices are practical and organizational guidelines to ensure the quality of the manufacturing process of the products. It consists of measures to implement to provide and develop a safe working process to produce quality products to the end-users/consumers.
GMP for Cosmetics
GMP in cosmetics is mandatory in EU Nations and highly recommended in the United States. Good Manufacturing Practices for cosmetic products help businesses to identify the risk associated with product quality while manufacturing them. The success of all cosmetic businesses relies on their capacity to produce effective and quality products on which the public can rely on. Many beauty brands get anxious when thinking about GMP because understanding the basics of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) can be immensely beneficial.
The word ‘cosmetic’ here refers to goods or materials used to enhance or groom one’s face or body. Cosmetics can be range from makeup and fragrances to products such as shower gels, creams, soap, lip balms, powders, and hair products and etc. Indeed, Good Manufacturing Practice in cosmetics goes beyond the expectation as it targets not just the safety and contamination of the product but also can control all the various factors that influence the eventual quality of a finished product. When implemented, GMP Certification in the organization improves the ultimate results with continuous improvement in the process.
GMP is also known as cGMP. C refers to the Current, Current Good Manufacturing Practice, which emphasizes the need to adopt the updated tools and technologies that are consistent with today’s standards. As the name suggests implementation of the GMP standard helps the organization to follow the latest technology, which indirectly helps in reduction in cost and have competitive advantages.
GMP is concerned with the three major elements that impact the safety, consistency, and quality of the end product. Every organization whether has a big cosmetic line or a small skincare business making products at home has a responsibility to ensure that products created and ultimately sold are safe, effective, and of consistently high quality. In the US, the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (Section 301) enforced by the FDA forbids the sale of cosmetic products if the products are found to be “adulterated” or “misbranded”. Likely, In Canada, the Food and Drugs Act (Sections 16 and 18) states that cosmetics sold must be produced and stored in clean, hygienic environments.
Safety refers to the prevention of unintentional spoilage or contamination of final products that may react with the skin or cause other health effects. The application of GMP helps to train and educate all levels of employees about regular hand washing, and proofreading labels before printing and sourcing raw materials from reputable suppliers.
Consistency relates to the ability to control the manufacturing process to develop consistent outcomes that are achieved each time. For Example, the formulation and the percentage of raw materials, the sanitation protocols followed, and the technical ability used to develop a particular product. If not followed, it can lead to quality variation from batch to batch affecting the outcome of final products.
Quality relates to a product’s ability to satisfy certain criteria of the customer requirements. The concept of ‘quality is often defined according to the objective of color, odor, viscosity, and pH. GMP helps companies to produce products that are consistently high in quality.
GMP embeds Quality Process throughout the entire Manufacturing Process
GMP is a part of quality assurance that ensures that the whole manufacturing process complies with the guidelines of the standard. It assures that the products are consistently produced and controlled to quality standards. In this way, GMP for cosmetics embeds operational rules and organizational guidelines to continually enhance product quality while saving costs by the reduction in errors and recalls.
Is the Implementation of GMP to cosmetics mandatory?
Implementing GMP is an effective way for companies and organizations to comply with legal regulations related to consumer safety and product quality. Adherence requirements to GMP for cosmetics can however vary from region to region.
In certain countries, GMP for cosmetics is endorsed and highly mandatory. In Europe, the Cosmetics Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 necessitates that any cosmetic product aimed at selling to the EU market must adhere to cosmetic GMP guidelines as outlined by the ISO 22716.
GMP for cosmetics, in other regions, is highly encouraged by national authorities but is not mandatory. In the US, FDA’s cosmetic GMP guidelines are not a legal requirement. In Canada, cosmetic businesses encouraged by Health Canada follow GMP as set out by the ISO 22716 standard.
Benefits of following GMP for Cosmetics
GMP establishes the security and confidence needed to assure that their products are safe to carry out their inspections of current operations. GMP helps the companies to:
- Extend beyond legal compliance
- Provide premium-quality cosmetics
- Customer Satisfaction
- Increases productivity
- Driving brand loyalty
- Boosting reputation
On the other hand, if GMPs are not implemented in the organization businesses may face problems such as:
- Mix-ups in labels or cosmetic ingredients
- Production errors-Equipment and tools get contaminated
- Staff unintentionally introducing germs e.g. not using a hairnet, not following proper sanitation
- Raw materials not getting tested
- Causing health issues or adverse skin reactions
- Difficulty tracking and identifying potential issues
It is important to note that GMP guidance list the necessarily needs to be conducted to reach quality and safe outcome. For instance, the company can itself decide the procedure of how to comply with the GMP guidelines depending on their own needs and available resources.
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