CE Marking for Low Voltage Electrical / Electronic Products
How we can help you meet the necessities of the LVD?
At Ascent WORLD, we offer consultancy services so that a product can meet the safety requirements of the Low Voltage Directive. We can provide guidance on the Declaration of Conformity, and offer to counsel, and help in gathering all the specific Technical Documents.
In the EU, and some other countries, all electrical/electronic items in the voltage range 50 – 1000V AC furthermore, 75 – 1500V DC should conform to the prerequisites of community directive, the Low Voltage Directive, additionally usually known as the LVD. This isn’t restricted to cover the electrical safety of a product only, but also, in addition, covers mechanical, chemical, energy, and so on, related hazards. The principle motivation behind the directive is to empower free development of merchandise in the EU and/or within some countries who have adopted this LVD requirement, where all items consent to a similar arrangement of necessities, in this way promoting trade.
Conformance with the necessities of Low Voltage Directive
The simplest method to exhibit consistency with the safety principle elements of the Low Voltage Directive (Annex I of LVD) is to apply a harmonised standard. This prompts an assumption of congruity with the prerequisites. If no suchharmonised standards exist, any appropriate IEC perceived standard can be applied; or the Industry best practices for Safety testing of the product. The requirements of both the LVD Directive and the harmonised standards have to be complied with. Technical documentation should give evidence on the same. Without both fit and IEC standards, an appropriate broadly perceived standard can be applied. Conformance means:
- Complying with the Low Voltage Directive Requirements
- Complying to the safety, Testing, Performance specifications as detailed within the related Harmonised standards. If no standards exist, any relative industry best practice, or related National Standard, etc.
Putting a product on the market
Conformance with a harmonised standard and putting the products available are two unique things. Conformance with blended principles prompts an assumption of similarity with the safety goals of the Low Voltage Directive (Annex I of LVD). To guarantee total consistency with the necessities of the Low Voltage Directive, the accompanying viewpoints must be considered notwithstanding the use of a fit standard:
- Internal production control (to include parameters of Manufacturing and QA/QC)
- Compiling Technical documents- there is whole list of these documents which must be arranged.
- Compiling Declaration of Conformity.
- Placing CE mark on the item.
Internal Production Control
This requires a manufacturer to guarantee that adequate internal quality methods are set up to guarantee that every item manufactured meets the necessities set in the specialized record and Declaration of Conformity (DoC).
The Production Control should take care to provide evidence about the 2 things:
- Processes are Validated
- Personnel are Validated
Technical File / Technical Construction File (TCF)
The technical document should empower the similarity of the electrical hardware to necessities of every significant order. It must, similarly as applicable for such appraisal, cover configuration (including Raw Materials), production, and activity of electrical equipment. It should include:
- An overall description of the electrical equipment.
- Conceptual plan and assembling drawings and plans of components, sub-assemblies, circuits, etc.
- Descriptions and clarifications are essential for the comprehension of drawings, plans, and the activity of the electrical equipment.
- A list of standards applied in full or to some degree, and descriptions of solutions embraced to fulfil the security directive where standards have not been applied.
- Results of plan calculations made, assessments did, and so forth
- Test reports.
Declaration of Conformity (DoC)
The EC Declaration of Conformity (EC DoC) should accompany the CE Marking Certificate. It must contain the following details, in addition to other relevant details
- Name and address of the producer authorized representative to set up inside the European community.
- A description of the electrical equipment- Product name, Model numbers, Technical specs, Photo/Picture of the Item(s)
- Reference to blended principles standard applied.
- Where a proper, reference to the detail with which conformity is declared.
- Identification of the signatory who has been enabled to enter into commitments on behalf of the manufacturer or its authorized agent set up inside the European Community
- The last two digits of the year in which the CE mark was fixed.
Kindly note that the declaration of conformity might not be restricted to the Low Voltage Directive; it will cover all significant directives, as relevant, and that is pertinent to the item. For instance, the EMC and R&TTE Directive, if appropriate.
EMC and R&TTE Directive requirements are additional, and have to be complied with additionally, including testings, and technical documents, and harmonised EN standards.
Putting the CE mark
Once all the requirements are fulfilled, a CE Mark can be placed on the products. There are again, specific requirements on how to put, where to put, size, etc, of putting the CE Mark logo.